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Восстановление навыков ходьбы у пациентов, перенесших мозговой инсульт

https://doi.org/10.30629/2658-7947-2022-27-1-16-25

Полный текст:

Аннотация

Восстановление ходьбы является одной из приоритетных задач медицинской реабилитации пациентов, перенесших мозговой инсульт. Локомоторным тренировкам должно предшествовать обследование, направленное на идентификацию патологических характеристик походки и включающее ряд функциональных тестов. Арсенал методов восстановления навыков ходьбы достаточно широк и включает конвенционные тренировки, тренировки на беговой дорожке без поддержки массы тела и с поддержкой массы тела, занятия с применением электромеханических и роботизированных устройств, дополнительное использование биологически обратной связи, виртуальной реальности, ортезирования, электростимуляции мышц, силовых тренировок и тренировок равновесия. В обзоре дается краткая характеристика этих методов реабилитации с позиций доказательной медицины. Индивидуальная программа реабилитации зависит от выраженности, давности и характера двигательных нарушений, предпочтений самого пациента и ограничений, связанных с его сопутствующими заболеваниями.

Об авторах

А. Н. Белова
ФГБОУ ВО «Приволжский исследовательский медицинский университет» Минздрава России
Россия

Нижний Новгород



В. О. Сушин
ФГБОУ ВО «Приволжский исследовательский медицинский университет» Минздрава России
Россия

Сушин Вильям Олегович — ассистент кафедры медицинской реабилитации

Нижний Новгород



Н. Ю. Литвинова
ФГБОУ ВО «Приволжский исследовательский медицинский университет» Минздрава России
Россия

Нижний Новгород



М. А. Шабанова
ФГБОУ ВО «Приволжский исследовательский медицинский университет» Минздрава России
Россия

Нижний Новгород



А. М. Резенова
ФГБОУ ВО «Приволжский исследовательский медицинский университет» Минздрава России
Россия

Нижний Новгород



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Рецензия

Для цитирования:


Белова А.Н., Сушин В.О., Литвинова Н.Ю., Шабанова М.А., Резенова А.М. Восстановление навыков ходьбы у пациентов, перенесших мозговой инсульт. Российский неврологический журнал. 2022;27(1):16-25. https://doi.org/10.30629/2658-7947-2022-27-1-16-25

For citation:


Belova A.N., Sushin V.O., Litvinova N.Y., Shabanova M.A., Rezenova M.A. Walking skills recovery for patients suffered a stroke. Russian neurological journal. 2022;27(1):16-25. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.30629/2658-7947-2022-27-1-16-25

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